If you are a registered HEi-know user, please log in to continue.
You must be a registered HEi-know user to access Briefing Reports, stories and other information and services. Please click on the link below to find out more about HEi-know.
The government's announcement of a major review of the National Student Survey signals a worrying shift in the HE regulatory landscape, warns Jon Scott, higher education consultant and former Pro Vice-Chancellor (student experience) at the University of Leicester.
Statements from ministers this week have made it clear that higher education in England is facing significant reforms, re-setting its focus towards helping to plug the UK's skills gaps and rebuilding the economy. Fariba Soetan, Policy Lead for Research and Innovation at the National Centre for Universities and Business, argues that the proposed changes bring a welcome focus on graduate outcomes and supporting the careers of young people.
Universities UK and GuildHE have commissioned the Quality Assurance Agency to develop a new approach to reviewing and enhancing the quality of UK TNE. QAA will consult on a new review method later this year and will launch a programme of in-country enhancement activity in 2021.
After a week of largely disappointing news for UK higher education, Nicola Owen, Deputy Chief Executive (Operations) at Lancaster University, fears that gloomy forecasts for the future of the sector may prove to be uncomfortably accurate.
Alan Palmer, Head of Policy and Research at the university think tank Million+, responds to an OECD report that says UK universities are failing to help students with weak literacy and numeracy skills, and funding should be redirected from HE into basic skills training to address the problem.
The OECD report, Building Skills For All: A review Of England, might be taken by some as a thorough look at English universities, but it has the potential to mislead in a number of ways.
The report’s recommendation that ‘unprepared’ university students should be diverted into other provision would deny choices to many of the hundreds of thousands of people who apply to study for a degree each year. These students have expended time and effort considering what is their best option to further their education and increase their chances of a successful career.
Notwithstanding the fact that it bases its recommendations on conclusions drawn from a very small number of university students and graduates, and seems to focus only on full-time undergraduate degrees progressing immediately from secondary to higher education, it also suggests a lack of understanding about the higher education sector in England. It is worth remembering that, in 2014/15, some 37 per cent of full-time undergraduate students were over the age of 21 – indicating that university provides opportunities for people at any stage in life.
The OECD takes a partial view of the university landscape, failing to understand the many ways in which universities support students in their degree courses regardless of their individual prior attainment. Where appropriate, universities will offer students additional support to ensure that they are successful in their studies.
Universities rightly make judgements based on a range of factors when considering applications, including qualifications, prior experience and potential to succeed. Admissions tutors are expert at reviewing the educational ability of the students who apply to study at university, and are adept at seeing past those if they do not have what many – including the OECD report – deem the ‘right’ exam results. This holistic approach has been an essential factor in ensuring that universities have been able to widen participation over the last two decades, in order to provide opportunities to students who would, in less progressive times, have been denied the chance to study for a degree. As recently as July 2015, the UK Prime Minister committed to doubling the number of students from disadvantaged backgrounds going to university by 2020.
The break with elitism in our higher education system has been a key factor in the policies of successive governments, and is to be applauded. Modern universities in particular have been at the forefront of providing opportunities for students who do not have traditional entry qualifications such as A levels. They have been the ‘heavy lifters’ in achieving some of the social mobility goals that have been so highly prized, contributing to improved life-chances for huge numbers of individuals to get better jobs, earn more money and be more successful at work.
The graduate premium – meaning that someone with a degree earns up to around £100,000 more on average over the course of their lifetime – demonstrates just one of the benefits of a university education. There are, of course, many others. Students will gain in confidence, develop new networks, be exposed to new and challenging ideas, and will gain a deeper understanding of their subject. For many reasons, studying at university remains one of the best choices a student can make in order to acquire the necessary skills and attributes to be successful in the workplace.
The OECD recommendations would require imposing an identical set of application standards on all universities, and would take away their ability to consider students on their individual merits. They would also prevent students from making their own choices to apply to university study, and would seriously impact on the autonomy of institutions to identify potential.
A more open market, with more choice for individuals, more competition between institutions, and more innovation in degree courses, has been a hallmark of higher education policy in England in recent years. The OECD recommendations would threaten this progress.
© 2013 Media FHE, all rights reserved